Research on Smoking and Behavioral Health

Tobacco Use by Diagnosis

Schizophrenia

62-90%

Bipolar disorder

51-70%

Major depression  

36-80%

Anxiety disorders  

32-60%

Post-traumatic stress disorder

45-60%

Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder

38-42%                    

Alcohol abuse  

34-80%

Other drug abuse  

49-98%

(Beckham et al., 1995; De Leon et al., 1995; Grant et al., 2004; Hughes et al., 1986; Lasser et al., 2000; Morris et al., 2006; Pomerleaue et al., 1995; Stark & Campbell, 1993; Ziedonis et al., 1994)